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Follow the procedures below to enable a client to node encryption. Once enabled, all communication between the client and the node is transmitted over TLS/SSL. The libraries used by Scylla for OpenSSL are FIPS 140-2 certified.
Each Scylla node needs to be enabled for TLS/SSL encryption separately. Repeat this procedure for each node.
This procedure is to be done on every Scylla node, one node at a time (one by one).
If you are working on a new cluster skip steps 1 & 2.
sudo systemctl stop scylla-server
docker exec -it some-scylla supervisorctl stop scylla
(without stopping some-scylla container)
/etc/scylla/scylla.yaml to modify the
Available options are:
enabled (default - false)
certificate - A PEM format certificate, either self-signed, or provided by a certificate authority (CA).
keyfile - The corresponding PEM format key for the certificate
truststore - Optional path to a PEM format certificate store holding the trusted CA certificates. If not provided, Scylla will attempt to use the system truststore to authenticate certificates.
If using a self-signed certificate, the “truststore” parameter needs to be set to a PEM format container with the private authority.
certficate_revocation_list - The path to a PEM-encoded certificate revocation list (CRL) - a list of issued certificates that have been revoked before their expiration date.
truststore: <path to a PEM-encoded trust store> (optional)
certficate_revocation_list: <path to a PEM-encoded CRL file> (optional)
sudo systemctl start scylla-server
docker exec -it some-scylla supervisorctl start scylla
(with some-scylla container already running)
To validate that encrypted connection to the node is enabled, check the logs using
journalctl _COMM=scylla. You should see the following
message: storage_service - Enabling encrypted CQL connections between client and node.
You can use the Priority String to control the require TLS version, Strength and more For Priority string syntax and options see gnutls manual
For example, to disable TLS1.1 or lower, with minimum 128 bit security, use a prio string of SECURE128:-VERS-TLS1.0:-VERS-TLS1.1 To enable 128-bit and 192-bit secure ciphers, while disabling all TLS versions except TLS 1.2 & TLS 1.3, use a prio string of SECURE128:+SECURE192:-VERS-ALL:+VERS-TLS1.2:+VERS-TLS1.3
Before you Begin
In order for cqlsh to work in client to node encryption SSL mode, you need to generate cqlshrc file.
For Complete instructions, see Generate a cqlshrc File
Following the generation of the cqlshrc file, the following files are generated:
Copy these files to your client/s, from which you run cassandra-stress.
To run cassandra-stress with SSL, each client running cassandra-stress needs to have a java key store file (.jks). This file can be made using the
cadb.pem file and must be present on every client that runs cassandra-stress.
Generate the Java keystore for the node certs
openssl pkcs12 -export -out keystore.p12 -inkey /home/scylla/server_files/db.key -in /home/scylla/server_files/db.crt -password <password>
keytool -importkeystore -destkeystore keystore.jks -srcstoretype PKCS12 -srckeystore keystore.p12
Always use a password with at least 1 character with openssl pkcs12 -export to avoid keytool import null issue.
Generate the Java truststore for the trust provider
openssl pkcs12 -export -out truststore.p12 -inkey /home/scylla/server_files/cadb.key -in /home/scylla/server_files/cadb.pem -password <password>
keytool -importkeystore -destkeystore truststore.jks -srcstoretype PKCS12 -srckeystore truststore.p12
Download and install the Java security providers:
make sure you have the latest version from this location.
Run Cassandra stress with the parameters below:
cassandra-stress write n=1000000 cl=ONE -node 10.240.0.48 -transport keystore=keystore.jks keystore-password=[password] truststore=truststore.jks truststore-password=[password] -mode native cql3 -pop -rate threads=50
when running cassandra-stress you may encounter an exception, if some nodes are still not in client to node SSL encrypted mode, yet the cassandra-stress will continue to run and connect only to the nodes it can.
Enable encryption on the client application.
client_encryption_options is enabled
(by being set to something other than none), the SSL / TLS certificates and key files specified in scylla.yaml
will continue to be monitored and reloaded if modified on disk.
When the files are updated, Scylla reloads them and uses them for subsequent connections.